Discover our herbarium
Pagès has chosen to use Cornflower in its teas and herbal teas. Its floral flavour brings a sweet and exquisite note to our creations.
Cornflower, a plant with sweet and floral flavours
ORIGINS OF CORNFLOWER
Originally from Europe, Cornflower is a plant that is mainly associated with History.
It was in the 12th century that the first uses of Bleuet were recorded. The nun Hildegarde de Bingen, who was passionate about medicine, used its floral water for eyes and skin. For herbalist Pierandrea Mattioli, who studied the plant in the 16th century, the colour of the Cornflower should symbolize healthy eyes. It is with this in mind that the herbalist prescribes the plant against eye diseases, which will give the plant the nickname " glasses breaker ".
In France, there are records of the first use of Bleuet in 1916. Two nurses from the Invalides hospital concerned about the suffering of the French soldiers of the First World War decided to help them by organizing workshops to make bouquets of Cornflowers with cloth petals and paper stamens. Subsequently sold to the public, these bouquets make it possible to raise sufficient funds for the reintegration of disabled and war wounded into working life. The Cornflower then adopts an additional symbol: that of reintegration through work.
Today, these workshops are still running and the revenues are still allocated to the wounded and victims of war but also to the wards of the nation and victims of terrorism.
Bleuet also symbolises an act of memory and solidarity towards veterans, victims of war, widows, orphans... During the Great War, the first Wolrd War, we say that the only thing that kept living in the mud trenches was Cornflower and Poppy. These two plants are very symbolic.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CORNFLOWER
Name: Cyanus segetum
Species: herbaceous plant
Cornflower belongs to the Asteraceae family and has more than 150 species.
Like many plants, the Cornflower is known by several nicknames: Audifoin, Barbeau, Blavelle, Fields cornflower, Glasses breaker, Centaury Blueberry or Zacharias flower. Part of its botanical name, "Cyanus", refers to the cyan colour of its flower heads.
It flowers in spring (usually between April and November). Its subtle smell exalts pollen, its flavour is sweet and light.
Cornflower is an often adventitious plant, i.e. it grows in places where it has not been intentionally planted by humans: in fields, by the roadside, etc. This has been the case since agricultural land has been subject to weedkiller application. Cornflower was once considered as a pestiferous plant by farmers. It was often resistant to scythe and sickle at harvest. This may seem surprising, however, the stems of the Cornflower are elastic and very hard at the end of flowering.
Its maintenance is easy, the Cornflower is satisfied with little or no sunlight regularly enough. Watering is not mandatory. However, care must be taken to remove withered flowers and weeds for proper development. Its rural side gives it a beautiful effect in solid masses and flower beds.
USES AND BENEFITS OF CORNFLOWER
Cornflower is now used in many cases. All parts of this plant can be used.
It is mainly found in herbal infusion for its capacities in case of inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes. Its soothing properties are well known.
An edible flower, Cornflower is increasingly present in the culinary arts. It goes very well with sweet flavours such as mousses, fruit salads or all types of cakes. In Canada, it is used to make pancakes.
Cooks usually place it as it is on the plates to decorate their dishes or use it ground. Sprinkling ground Cornflower flower on meat in sauce gives it a pleasant and delicious taste.