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Rose

Rose

Pagès uses Rose in several of his creations. Its mythical and intoxicating scent is ideal for herbal infusions.

Symbol of love, the Rose is today one of the most cultivated plants in the world.

 

ORIGINS OF ROSE

Tradition claims that this species was brought back from Syria in the 13th century by a certain Thubaud 4. It was also called the "Chansonnier". It is this Rose that the Count of Lancaster, sent to Provins near Paris in 1277 to suppress a revolt against the King of France, carried to England. There she becomes the emblem of her house. It was also later illustrated in the infamous Wars of the Roses, which pitted the House of Lancaster against the House of York, which had chosen the White Rose as its emblem. Many authors have attributed several virtues to the Red Rose. It was said at the time that its effectiveness against pulmonary tuberculosis was significant. Invented by Arab doctors, the preserves of Roses were considered by Avicenna as the specific remedy to fight against this disease.

In the 19th century, Roques still advocated this preserve and Leclerc recommended it too, more than a century later. The latter even cited supporting medical observations to convince the most pessimistic. This apparently tonic remedy was useful for tired people.

During the Napoleonic era, the Rose de Provins had such a reputation that the doctors of the imperial armies were supplied with dried and prepared petals of the plant. They used them to treat dyspepsia, enteritis, sore throats, states of weakness, skin diseases and eye disorders. To believe what the archives say, the Rose is a miraculous plant! It is even said, especially in ancient texts found in the cuneiform tablets of Gilgamesh, the Rose was used for making suppositories.

Arnaud de Villeneuve, famous Spanish doctor of the Middle Ages, recommended the following recipe in his book “Regimen sanitatis”: “Boil in water a sachet made up of three parts of Rose leaves and four blueberry leaves: express it and that the patient remains seated on it for a long time, morning and evening. "

Today, the Rose is mainly used in the world of cosmetics, perfumery and floristry, more than in medicine. It is said that Cleopatra would have filled a room with rose petals, her intoxicating scent allowing her to experience passionate love affairs with her lover. The Romans also appreciated the flower for its characteristic and astringent odor: several writings tell us that the tables of their banquets were mostly decorated with Roses. On the cosmetic side, it is said that in Antiquity, women used rose water to make soothing face masks and deodorant, but also petals to color their cheeks and eyelids.

 

ROSE CHARACTERISTICS 

Name: Rosa gallica
Family: 
Rosaceae
Species: 
shrub

The Rose is a small shrub native to Western Asia. Its stems are provided with strong, hooked prickles, scattered among a number of small, weak and straight prickles. Its leaves are composed of five large toothed leaflets. The Rose de Provins, the most common, is one of the most cultivated species in the world. It is the one that features velvety, bright red or dark flowers. They are harvested before they bloom for medicinal use.

Cultivated or wild, roses have their origins in temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. There are about 150 species of Rose and about a thousand varieties. In general, the Rosebush can be miniature or take the form of a bush or climbing shrub. Its stems are aerial, their size and color may vary. Its leaves are alternate, composed of leaflets systematically in odd number.

The flowers, the most famous element of this plant, can take on multiple colors: white, pink, yellow, variegated, two-tone. They consist of five sepals and at least one row of 5 petals as well as numerous stamens and carpels.

 

USES OF ROSE

The Rose is mainly found in the world of perfume and cosmetics. Its very particular smell, and known to all, is widely appreciated in these two areas. The Rose also has a dimension of prestige and uniqueness that blends wonderfully with these worlds. It plays an important role in achieving skin care. Its mythical essence has also been the subject of numerous writings that artists and perfumers have strived to capture over time. It is often the main ingredient in perfume products. The multiple olfactory notes that it presents recall femininity, in addition to elegance. At the same time, with more than 450 different scent molecules, the Rose never ceases to surprise and challenge master perfumers!

More surprisingly, the Rose can be used in the culinary art! It is its petals and buttons that are used in this area. They bring a certain touch of originality to salads, pies and also to jams. Rose can also be used in the production of liqueurs, syrups and sorbets.

Let's not forget the most frequent use of the Rose, flower of lovers: in floristry! According to some sources, more than 600 million Roses were sold in France in 2014. While this very symbolic flower has long been the star of Valentine's Day celebrations and other romantic events, its consumption is now more reasoned. We have indeed become aware of the impact of the overproduction of these flowers on our dear planet. The consumer now tends to opt for a local or seasonal flower. Still today, the Rose still represents almost 58% of the flowers offered on February 14th.

 


BENEFITS OF ROSE

We recognize in the Rose, like all other plants, several benefits. They vary according to the variety of the plant, but generally speaking, the Rose is said to be invigorating and revitalizing. Some say that the Rose has the ability to soothe pain.